The Wonderful World of Semordnilaps
You are most likely aware that a palindrome is a word or phrase that is spelled the same regardless of whether it’s read forward or backward. A few simple examples are noon, race car, dad, mom, and wow. But what happens when a word read backward creates a different word altogether? Welcome to the wonderful world of the semordnilap.
One of the earliest direct references to the concept of semordnilaps (though not the name) in English can be found in Lewis Carroll’s 1893 novel Sylvie and Bruno Concluded, which is the second volume of his 1889 Sylvie and Bruno. In Chapter 1 of Sylvie and Bruno Concluded, Carroll writes:
Since then, multiple attempts have been made to coin the perfect word to describe these sort of “half-palindromes,” but none have stuck or been accepted by the vast majority of linguists or the population at large. These alternate names include backronyms, volvograms, heteropalindromes, semi-palindromes, half-palindromes, reversgrams, mynoretehs, recurrent palindromes, reversible anagrams, word reversals, reversal pair, anagram, reversion, inversion, antigram, and anadromes.
As for the term “semordnilap,” which is beginning to win out as a name for the concept, it first appeared in C.C. Bombaugh’s 1961 Oddities and Curiosities of Words and Literature. The originator of the term does not appear to be, however, Dr. Bombaugh, but rather the editor and annotator of the book, Martin Gardner, who included “semordnilap” in one of his annotations. The word is self-referencing in that it demonstrates the concept for which it describes- semordnilap is palindromes spelled backwards.
Whatever you decide to call them, semordnilaps are everywhere. Some words are naturally semordnilaps (evil/live, god/dog, desserts/stressed, etc.), but others are created intentionally. For instance, “yob” is a British slang word for a rowdy, misbehaving young man- essentially acting opposite of how he should as a boy.
Nota Bene: This appeared in last week Thursday’s “Today I Found Out” feature. I intended to post it for last week’s Word Wednesday but had to wait until this week.
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