Do the Psalms Have An Order and Structure? ~ R. Godfrey (Plus, a New Psalter App!)

Learning-love-psalms-Godfrey-2017I continue to receive rich benefit from reading through the brief but packed chapters of W. Robert Godfrey’s new book Learning to Love the Psalms (Reformation Trust, 2017).

In chapter 7 (“Broader Structures in the Psalter”) the author raises the questions, “Is the book of Psalms as a whole largely random in its order? Is it just an anthology of poems that would mean just the same if the poems were in an entirely different arrangement?”

Based on his personal reading and study of the Psalms as well as on the insights of others, Godfrey has come to see a definite structure and order to the Psalms. Besides the common division of the Psalter into five books (Book 1: Psalms 1-41; Book 2: Psalms 42-72); Book 3: Psalms 73-89; Book 4: Psalms 90-106; Book 5: ;Psalms 107-150), he makes four main points about this structure.

For our purposes today we quote his fourth point, “the most important,” in his estimation:

…The development of the Psalter is not simply a growing emphasis on psalms of praise. Many types of psalms appear in each of the books. Still, in broad terms, we can see a movement in the Psalter. Book One has many psalms that speak of distress on the part of the king and his people yet manifest confidence and praise even in the face of distress. Book Two links that confidence particularly to God’s king, who upholds God’s ways and God’s people in God’s city. Book Three, however, is dominated by a crisis in the kingship of Israel, a kingship that seems to have failed. Book Four presents comfort for king and people in the God who created the world and who made a covenant with Israel at Sinai. Book Five then lifts the praise of king and people to new heights.

Consequently, Godfrey lays out this form of the Psalms this way:

Book One: The King’s Confidence in God’s Care
Book Two: The King’s Commitment to God’s Kingdom
Book Three: The King’s Crisis over God’s Promises
Book Four: The King’s Comfort in God’s Faithfulness
Book Five: The King’s Celebration of God’s Salvation [pp.41-42]

It would be helpful for us to think about and “test” this structure of the Psalms in our own reading and study of this important section of God’s Word. What do you find to be true? And how is this order helpful to you?

Psalter-app-DV-2017On another related matter, I want to make you aware of a new app for the PRC Psalter – the songbook used in the PRC based on the book of Psalms. Jonathan Vermeer, a member of our Hope PRC, has developed this fine tool for use on your Android device (laptop, tablet, smartphone). The app includes lyrics and tunes to all of our Psalter numbers and links to the Psalms themselves (Bible Gateway). Plus, it has a special “night mode” setting for use in the dark (as, for example, for campfire singing).

You will find it in the Google Play store at this link. Check it out – I have it on my phone and love it!

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